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Fotografia y Video de Bodas

La iluminación fotográfica, algo fundamental en la fotografía

Posted by on Mar 6, 2016

La iluminación fotográfica, algo fundamental en la fotografía

La iluminación fotográfica

La iluminación fotográfica es muy importante en el mundo de la fotografía, ya que existe la posibilidad de hacer una tomas de fotos sin tener ningún tipo de objetivos, inclusive se podría obtener una fotografía sin necesidad de una cámara fotográfica, pero sin luz o iluminación nunca se podría tener una imagen o una fotografía.

Por eso la iluminación en la fotografía juega un papel muy importante, es más, juega un papel imprescindible en el mundo fotográfico.

Un elemento básico en la iluminación fotográfica es el flash. Existen flash de estudio y el flash externo que son aquellos que tienen las cámaras fotográficas incorporadas.

Otros elementos que también juegan un papel importante en la iluminación son: los snoot, los panales de abejas, los reflectores entre otros.

Para saber utilizar la iluminación, es importante tener conocimiento de algunos conceptos básicos que son importantes y que nunca está demás manejar, como por ejemplo:

Luz principal: la luz principal también se conoce como la luz guía, es muy relevante, ya que la luz principal somete a todas las demás fuentes, como su distribución y las sombras en la imagen o fotografía.

Luz de relleno o de fondo: la luz de relleno también es conocida con el nombre de luz de aclarado o con el nombre de luz de base. La luz de relleno, es una luz que es secundaria, está sometida a la luz principal y sirve para darle claridad a las sombras y para disminuir el contraste.

La luz de relleno solo se utiliza para aclarar detalle en zonas que estén muy oscuras. Estas se generan utilizando una luz muy suave y disgregada.

Luz efecto: también se conoce con otro nombre como es la de luz puntual. La luz efecto, son luces que se utilizan solo para destacar partes específicas de un determinado objeto, activando el centro de la imagen si se proyecta en forma correcta.

Se debe tener muchísimo cuidado con la luz efecto, porque si no se utiliza con meticulosidad puede ocasionar una inestabilidad en la iluminación habitual.

Luz de fondo: la luz de fondo, cumple varias funciones entre ellas se pueden nombrar: se utiliza para iluminar monótonamente; se utiliza para avivar una degradación en la imagen y por supuesto del fondo de esa imagen.

Existen varios tipos de iluminación fotográfica entre ellas se puede mencionar: la iluminación natural, la iluminación naturista, la iluminación abstracta y la iluminación irreal.

La iluminación natural es donde se trata de copiar las particularidades de la luz del día, que es la del sol, esta es la luz principal.

La iluminación naturista es muy parecida a la luz del sol pero con la diferencia que no trata de imitarla como lo hace la iluminación natural, se puede realizar con diversas fuentes de luz, lo que si no puede hacer la luz naturista es alterar o cambiar la forma, el color ni la estructura de la imagen o el objeto a fotografiar.

La iluminación abstracta es un tipo de iluminación que juega con la forma, color y estructura del objeto o imagen utilizando la luz, pero el objeto todavía se puede reconocer.

La iluminación irreal: en esta clase de iluminación casi nunca participa la naturaleza y tiene como aires fantasmales, cuando se desea darle un toque de miedo o fantasmal a la imagen este tipo de iluminación es perfecta.

La iluminación fotografica

Antiguo objeto u muebles para fotografía

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